Deciding on the end point and then working back has always been my approach to teaching; but I have found that by using the FOSIL framework I have become more ambitious with what I would like the students to achieve. Not necessarily in terms of content (indeed I find myself removing some of the content) but in terms of the way in which I would like them to use and apply their knowledge. I have also noticed that using FOSIL seems to be a good way of reducing cognitive load, which I also feel the students really appreciate. The students find themselves better able to focus on what it is they need to know and become more interested in the how and why rather than the what. It is early days of course, but I am now really looking forward to applying FOSIL to language teaching and am relishing the prospect of doing so. Encouraging students to use their higher-order skills, certainly seems to ensure that what they have been taught sticks that much better.