Drawing on what you might already
know in order to better understand
what you do not yet know

Connect and Wonder are often overlooked, but distinguishing what you know from what
you don’t makes a huge difference at the start of the inquiry process. Weaker students can
feel overwhelmed because they don’t know where to start, while stronger students may be
tempted to leap straight to Express without doing any Investigation because they think they
know all the answers already.


  • A 'brainstorming' or 'mindmapping' session at the start of an inquiry
  • Asking students to find definitions for key terms in the statement of inquiry
  • Allowing for a period of preliminary research for longer more open inquiries before asking students to narrow their focus

For more in-depth articles into the educational
theory underlying inquiry, visit our

Epistemology and Learning Memos